What is Chiropractic?

Chiropractic is one of the largest primary-contact healthcare professions in Canada. Chiropractic is a regulated health profession recognized by statute in Manitoba and all other Canadian provinces.
 
Each year, millions of Canadians seek chiropractic care for a variety of musculoskeletal conditions and injuries. Chiropractors are extensively educated in the prevention, assessment, diagnosis and management of musculoskeletal conditions and associated neurological systems, and will recommend a course of treatment to help relieve pain and improve function without surgery or pharmaceuticals.
 
Chiropractors use such techniques as manipulation, mobilization, soft tissue therapy, exercise, education, modalities (i.e. ultrasound or laser) and rehabilitation. Chiropractors are also trained to provide nutritional counselling, as well as recommend injury prevention strategies.

Specific training in spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) allows chiropractors to provide manipulation/adjustments using highly-skilled and precise movements to the vertebrae of the spine, correcting joint motion to restore proper movement and improve function. This motion can be accompanied by an audible pop. When a joint is adjusted, an air bubble may escape from the joint capsule causing the popping noise similar to cracking your knuckles.

The primary goal of chiropractic manipulation is to treat areas of pain, muscle tightness and restricted movement in the joints of the body, particularly the spine. Scientific study of spinal adjustments has clearly demonstrated that chiropractic treatment improves function and is effective for common conditions such as headache, and neck and back pain.
 
Chiropractors also utilize other manual procedures that can be just as effective as the traditional chiropractic adjustment.

In many cases, such as acute lower back pain, chiropractic care may be the primary method of treatment. Where other medical conditions exist, chiropractic care may complement or support medical treatment by relieving the musculoskeletal aspects of discomfort associated with the condition. Chiropractic care may also be palliative, providing symptomatic relief to patients with chronic conditions.

Chiropractors often work in various inter-professional environments as members of a healthcare team. In fact, many chiropractors now work in hospital settings, in community healthcare centres, and as contributors to private integrated practices.

How are chiropractors educated in Canada?

In Canada, chiropractors are educated through two programs offered at the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC) in Toronto, and at l'Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières (UQTR). Both programs are fully accredited by the Council on Chiropractic Education of Canada (CCEC) which has adopted standards similar to those of the Council on Chiropractic Education in the United States which is, in turn, recognized by the United States Department of Education.

Chiropractic students undergo a rigorous course of study similar to that of other healthcare professionals. Entrance requirements are also similar. Students are required to complete a minimum of three years of university before they are eligible for admission to the CMCC accredited program which requires four years of full-time study and a year-long internship in the College's clinics.

In addition to the academic program, chiropractic education requires hands-on clinical experience under the direct supervision of highly-qualified chiropractic faculty. Faculty come from such disciplines as biological sciences, pathology, medicine and psychology, as well as chiropractic. The chiropractic programs include courses in anatomy, biochemistry, physiology, neurology, and embryology, principles of chiropractic, radiology, immunology, microbiology, pathology, nutrition, and clinical sciences specifically relating to diagnosis.

Information about CMCC

The Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College has been a leader in chiropractic research since the 1960's. The College has dedicated itself to the development of an ongoing, productive research program. Faculty have been successful in obtaining research grants from funding agencies and have published extensively in peer-reviewed and refereed chiropractic journals, as well as in multi-disciplinary journals such as the British Medical Journal, Spine, Annals of Internal Medicine, Pain, The Lancet, and The New England Journal of Medicine.

Over the years, CMCC has developed relationships with faculty in other academic institutions in North America. Research collaborations have taken place with faculty from the University of Toronto, University of Waterloo, McMaster University, University of Western Ontario, University of Alberta, Institute for Work and Health, St. Michael's Hospital, Sunnybrook and Women's College Health Sciences Centre, The University of Ontario Institute of Technology, University of Calgary, University of Saskatchewan, The Texas Back Institute, and St. Joseph's Hospital, Hamilton.

Is Chiropractic safe?

Before beginning practice, a chiropractic graduate must pass rigorous National and Provincial Board Examinations, and fulfill stringent requirements for licensure for the right to practice. Chiropractors complete many hours of post-graduate instruction for an annual license renewal. Chiropractors are expected to attend seminars, scientific symposia, and read professional journals to maintain knowledge and skills, and keep up with ongoing research. This professional development keeps the chiropractor well-equipped with the skills needed to provide patients with safe and effective chiropractic care.
 
Just as the medical profession in general must be completely certain that the care they provide is safe, so too must the chiropractic profession. Few medical treatments have been scrutinized in as much detail as chiropractic. The safety and effectiveness of chiropractic treatment has been studied thoroughly.
 
Complications from chiropractic treatments are rare. Dr. Gelley will discuss all potential side effects and any risks along with the benefits of the care you receive. If Dr. Gelley diagnoses a problem that would be better treated by another health care professional, he has will make an appropriate referral.